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The world is a far better place for cyclists who are less likely to have a collision with a vehicle, according to a new report by The Insurance Institute for Highway Safety.
The study, published Monday, found that about 14% of people killed or seriously injured on American roads were hit by a bike or skateboard, compared with 11% of drivers.
That is a sharp jump from a decade ago, when 12% of cyclists were hit, according the study.
The institute’s researchers compared those numbers with the crash rate for drivers.
The average driver killed or injured on U.S. roads is 2.8 times more likely to be killed or killed in a collision than a cyclist.
The Institute’s findings contradict the widely held view that the speed of traffic and the severity of crashes are largely driven by the size of a cyclist’s body.
Cyclists have been getting safer in recent years as the U.K. introduced helmet laws and France began introducing mandatory helmet laws.
The report notes that the U tolked the number of cyclists killed on American roadways in 2010 jumped by 60% compared with the same year in 2009.
The researchers found that in the U., there was a significant decrease in fatal crashes for people 25 to 44, which is a trend that may be partially due to helmet laws, said Steven D. Hovind, a study co-author.
It is also possible that riders who have been more seriously injured are more likely not to be wearing helmets, Hovold said.
“A lot of it is due to the helmet,” he said.
HOVIND and his colleagues looked at data from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration’s Uniform Crash Data File (UCRF) from 2003 to 2010.
They found that the average number of head-on crashes per 100,000 miles traveled decreased from 5.3 in 2003 to 3.6 in 2010.
However, they also found that drivers who were struck by a bicycle were far more likely than drivers who struck pedestrians or other drivers to have been wearing a helmet.
The findings may help explain why some states, such as New Jersey, have laws requiring helmets for all riders and drivers.
“These data suggest that helmets are a reasonable policy recommendation in terms of decreasing injury rates and fatalities,” the researchers wrote in their report.
The UCRF was developed to track vehicle crashes that kill and injure people.
While many studies have found that helmet laws reduce fatalities, the institute’s study shows that the data suggests that the law actually increased the risk of injury.
HOCS is a research arm of the Insurance Institute of Highway Safety, a nonprofit group that helps insurers better understand the costs of insurance policies.
It said it did not analyze data from U.N. agencies or federal agencies.
“Our analysis does not provide a quantitative analysis of the effect of helmet laws on the number or severity of injury-related deaths,” said HOCM’s director, Chris Kuklinski.
“The report does not address whether helmets reduce injuries, and we do not have data on the efficacy of helmets for reducing injuries.”
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